Names of towns and villages all mean something. In England, many places have Anglo Saxon names. For example; BIRMINGHAM comes from BEORMA (a person’s name) + INGA (family or tribe) + HA (homestead). So BIRMINGHAM simply means “Homestead of Beorma’s tribe.”
Here are some Anglo Saxon words and their meanings. The spellings have been simplified!
|DEN or DENE||valley or hollow|
|FLEET||creek or inlet|
|BURY or BOROUGH||fortification|
|LEE, LEIGH or LEY||meadow or field|
|MOR or MOOR||wasteland|
|WAL or WALSH||native Britons|
|WICK||old farming settlement|
|STOWE||important meeting place|
|TUN/TON||village or town|
Some words have survived unchanged, or been updated:- WELL, BRIDGE, SAND, FORD, STONE and NEW etc all feature in English names.
Now see if you can “translate” the following place-names. Hover over the place name for the answer.
ALDBOROUGH – ASKHAM – BARWICK – BEWERLEY – BURNHAM – CARLTON – MORLEY – SANDBACH – FLEETHAM – WAINFLEET – WALDEN – WALSHFORD – STOWMARKET – STONYHURST – TONBRIDGE
NB: Place-names can be confusing. MOUSEHOLE in Cornwall really does mean “mousehole”, but MUCKING in Essex has nothing to do with mucking about! It means “Place of Mucca’s Tribe”.
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